The history of Sopianae – now Pécs – dates back to the 2nd century, when a settlement with a favorable location and climate, but not too urban, developed at the southern foot of the Mecsek Mountains at the junction of the north-south trade routes. At the end of the 3rd century, the early small settlement already took on a more urban look and in the meantime rose to city rank. By the end of the 3rd century, it was the center and administrative seat of the province of Pannonia, Valeria, which was divided into four parts, from where the governor managed the affairs of the province.
The Early Christian Necropolis of Pécs (Sopianae) is included in the UNESCO World Heritage list. The religious centre and cemetery, that dates back to the 4th century, consist of several tombs, tomb chapels and burial buildings (mausoleum, Cella Trichora, Cella Septichora), and refers to a large Christian community. The three main sites of the tourist complex are the Cella Septichora Visitor Center, the Early Christian Mausoleum and the Burial edifices in Apáca Street.